Tqdk Tarix Kitabi Pdf 13: A Free Online Resource for History Students
Tqdk Tarix Kitabi Pdf 13 is a free online book that covers the history of Azerbaijan from ancient times to the present day. It is designed for students who are preparing for the Tqdk (Test of General Knowledge) exam, which is a mandatory requirement for admission to higher education institutions in Azerbaijan. The book is written in Azerbaijani and contains 13 chapters, each covering a different period of history. The book also includes maps, illustrations, timelines, quizzes, and references to help students learn and review the material.
The book is available for download as a PDF file from various websites, such as LexCliq[^1^], Coeus[^2^], Peatix[^3^], and Sway[^4^]. The book is also compatible with mobile devices and can be read offline. The book is a valuable resource for anyone who wants to learn more about the history of Azerbaijan and its culture, politics, economy, and society.
Tqdk Tarix Kitabi Pdf 13 is not only a useful tool for Tqdk exam preparation, but also a fascinating and informative read for anyone who is interested in history. The book covers topics such as the ancient civilizations of Azerbaijan, the Islamic conquests and dynasties, the Mongol invasions and the Safavid empire, the Russian occupation and the national liberation movement, the Soviet era and the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, and the independence and development of modern Azerbaijan. The book provides a comprehensive and balanced overview of the historical events and processes that shaped Azerbaijan and its people.
If you are looking for a free online book that can help you learn about the history of Azerbaijan, you should check out Tqdk Tarix Kitabi Pdf 13. It is a well-written and well-organized book that can enhance your knowledge and understanding of this rich and diverse country.
The history of Azerbaijan is rich and diverse, reflecting its strategic location at the crossroads of different civilizations and cultures. The country has witnessed many invasions, migrations, and influences from various empires and peoples, such as the Persians, Turks, Mongols, Russians, and Soviets. The country has also developed its own distinctive identity and traditions, based on its ancient heritage, Islamic faith, Turkic language, and Caucasian ethnicity.
One of the most important and controversial episodes in the history of Azerbaijan is the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, which erupted in the late 1980s between Azerbaijan and Armenia over a disputed territory populated mostly by ethnic Armenians but located within Azerbaijan. The conflict escalated into a full-scale war after the collapse of the Soviet Union, resulting in tens of thousands of casualties and hundreds of thousands of refugees on both sides. A ceasefire was signed in 1994, but the status of Nagorno-Karabakh remained unresolved and sporadic clashes continued along the line of contact. In 2020, a new war broke out between Azerbaijan and Armenia, which ended with a Russian-brokered peace deal that restored most of Azerbaijan's control over Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding areas.
Today, Azerbaijan is a secular and unitary republic with a presidential system of government. It is a member of various international organizations, such as the United Nations, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Commonwealth of Independent States, the Non-Aligned Movement, and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation. It is also a partner of NATO and an associate member of the European Union. Azerbaijan has a market-based economy that is largely dependent on its oil and gas resources. It is one of the fastest-growing economies in the world and has made significant progress in reducing poverty and improving human development indicators. However, it also faces challenges such as corruption, human rights violations, environmental degradation, and social inequality. 29c81ba772